Oxygen Use in a Beauty Shop
by Brad Keyes, CHSP, on May 6, 2020 1:00:43 AM
Q: I have a question regarding the use of Oxygen in a beauty shop. When the state was in our facility (nursing home) they indicated that we need to post a sign that says no oxygen tanks in the beauty shop. They referenced the following codes in 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code: (7-2.1, 7-18.104.22.168, 8-22.214.171.124"D", 8-126.96.36.199, 8-188.8.131.52, 9-184.108.40.206) When looking through the codebook I was not able to locate the language associated with the reference codes. Can you help?
A: I think the state agency surveyors were referencing the 1999 edition of NFPA 99… not the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code. I don’t know why they would be referencing such an old edition of NFPA 99, but perhaps that is what the state has adopted. Here is what they were referencing:
- Section 7-2.1 deals with fire and explosions. The use of oxygen around heat-producing appliances lowers the ignition temperatures of normal combustibles (i.e. linen, paper, plastic, etc.) and can cause fires or explosions.
- Section 7-220.127.116.11 requires electrical equipment (i.e. electric hair dryers, etc.) used with oxygen delivery equipment to be listed for use in an oxygen-enriched atmosphere.
- Section 8-18.104.22.168 (d) says electrical equipment not conforming to the requirements of 7-22.214.171.124, which can include, hairdryers can create a source of ignition if introduced into an oxygen-enriched atmosphere.
- Section 8-126.96.36.199 says nonmedical appliances that have hot surfaces or sparking mechanisms shall not be permitted within oxygen delivery equipment
- Section 8-188.8.131.52 says flammable or combustible aerosols or vapors, such as alcohol, shall not be administered in oxygen-enriched atmospheres as outlined in 8-184.108.40.206(a).
- Section 9-220.127.116.11 discusses the need to keep electrical appliances away from oxygen-enriched atmospheres.
So, what the surveyor was telling you, is you cannot allow oxygen-delivery equipment in the beauty shop, because there are non-medical heat-producing appliances and flammable hair sprays in use. The 2012 edition of NFPA 99 pretty much says the same thing. My advice: Follow the surveyor’s finding and post signage prohibit anyone on O2 therapy from entering the beauty shop. Train your staff and do daily walk-through to ensure everyone is following the rules.