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Keyes Life Safety

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Fire BarrierOccupancies

Q: I have a client that is building a new Women’s and Children’s Hospital. The women's component will be licensed to one organization, and the children's component will be licensed …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Aug 19, 2019
Storage (Life Safety Code)SeparationFire BarrierParking GarageOccupancies

Q: We have a three-story parking structure attached to a hospital. The top floor of the parking structure is not covered and is open to the atmosphere. Is the exterior …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Apr 5, 2019

Q: I am a consultant hired by a health system to review a potential building they want to purchase. The architect on this project tells me that the building is …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Jun 27, 2018

Q: Back in June of 2017, you posted an article about “Inpatients in Outpatient Locations”, but I am unable to access that posting. Can you re-post that article as I …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Jun 5, 2018

Q: There is an existing clinic which is classified as business occupancy that leases space within a rehabilitation and nursing center. Does this need to be separated by a 2 …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Dec 8, 2017

Q: A Hospital System that I do work for is in the process of constructing a Medical Office Building off-campus (over 250 yards from the Hospital). The building will house …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Feb 21, 2017

Q: I have a 3 story hospital and I would like to have a mixed occupancy classifications for different floors. The basement floor is for support - no patients are …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Feb 15, 2017

Q: If I want to classify my building as a healthcare occupancy, even though I have a business or ambulatory healthcare occupancy in it, I know I need to meet …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Jan 30, 2017

In a rather surprising interpretation by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), all Emergency Departments are now required to be classified as healthcare occupancies only. For most of …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Jan 24, 2017
Q&AAmbulatory Care OccupancyOccupancies

Q: We have an Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC) located in a one story nonsprinklered building, and is separated from a physician’s office. The exit access from the ASC leads into …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Oct 13, 2014

I’m no expert on the differences between a Critical Access Hospital (CAH) and an Acute Care Hospital (hospital), but I’m learning. Having been an advisor to American Osteopathic Association/Healthcare Facilities …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Jun 12, 2014
Q&AAmbulatory Care OccupancyWallsOccupancies

Q: Do different occupancies have to be separated by fire-rated barriers both horizontally as well as vertically? We are considering installing a dialysis unit on the second floor of a …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Dec 23, 2013
Q&AAmbulatory Care OccupancyBusiness OccupanciesOccupancies

Q: We discovered our offsite free standing Dialysis center is in a building that is classified as Business Occupancy, but we were recently told by a consultant that the building …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Apr 15, 2013

I recently received a question asking if I thought a free-standing Chemo IV therapy center should be designated as an ambulatory care occupancy or a business occupancy. The reader said …

Brad Keyes, CHSP | Apr 18, 2012

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